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<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<article article-type="research-article" xml:lang="EN" xmlns:xlink="http://www.w3.org/1999/xlink" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
  <front>
<journal-meta>
<journal-id journal-id-type="publisher-id">AFR</journal-id>
<journal-id journal-id-type="hwp">spafr</journal-id>
<journal-title-group>
<journal-title>Africa Spectrum</journal-title>
</journal-title-group>
<issn pub-type="ppub">0002-0397</issn>
<issn pub-type="epub">1868-6869</issn>
<publisher>
<publisher-name>SAGE Publications</publisher-name>
<publisher-loc>Sage UK: London, England</publisher-loc>
</publisher>
</journal-meta>
<article-meta>
<article-id pub-id-type="doi">10.1177/0002039719852229</article-id>
<article-id pub-id-type="publisher-id">10.1177_0002039719852229</article-id>
<article-categories>
<subj-group subj-group-type="heading">
<subject>Research articles</subject>
</subj-group>
</article-categories>
<title-group>
<article-title>What Is Our Research For? Responsibility, Humility and the Production of Knowledge about Burundi</article-title>
<trans-title-group xml:lang="de">
<trans-title>Wozu dient unsere Forschung? Verantwortung, Bescheidenheit und Wissensproduktion über Burundi</trans-title>
</trans-title-group>
</title-group>
<contrib-group>
<contrib contrib-type="author" corresp="yes">
<name>
<surname>Curtis</surname>
<given-names>Devon E. A.</given-names>
</name>
<xref ref-type="corresp" rid="corresp1-0002039719852229"/>
</contrib>
<aff id="aff1-0002039719852229">Department of Politics and International Studies, University of Cambridge, UK</aff>
<bio>
<title>Author biography</title>
<p>
<bold>Devon E. A. Curtis</bold> is senior lecturer in the Department of Politics and International Studies at the University of Cambridge, and a Fellow of Emmanuel College. This article builds upon the keynote address she gave at the Conference on Governance, Peace and Development in Burundi at the University of Antwerp, 5-6 July 2018.</p>
</bio>
</contrib-group>
<author-notes>
<corresp id="corresp1-0002039719852229">Devon E. A. Curtis, University of Cambridge, 7 West Road, Cambridge CB3 9DT, UK. Email: <email>dc403@cam.ac.uk</email>
</corresp>
</author-notes>
<pub-date pub-type="epub-ppub">
<month>4</month>
<year>2019</year>
</pub-date>
<volume>54</volume>
<issue>1</issue>
<fpage>4</fpage>
<lpage>21</lpage>
<history>
<date date-type="received">
<day>14</day>
<month>2</month>
<year>2019</year>
</date>
<date date-type="accepted">
<day>9</day>
<month>4</month>
<year>2019</year>
</date>
</history>
<permissions>
<copyright-statement>© The Author(s) 2019</copyright-statement>
<copyright-year>2019</copyright-year>
<copyright-holder content-type="sage">SAGE Publications Ltd, or GIGA German Institute of Global and Area Studies, unless otherwise noted. Manuscript content on this site is licensed under Creative Commons Licenses</copyright-holder>
<license license-type="creative-commons" xlink:href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/" xlink:type="simple">
<license-p>This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License (<ext-link ext-link-type="uri" xlink:href="http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/">http://www.creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/</ext-link>) which permits non-commercial use, reproduction and distribution of the work without further permission provided the original work is attributed as specified on the SAGE and Open Access pages (<ext-link ext-link-type="uri" xlink:href="https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage">https://us.sagepub.com/en-us/nam/open-access-at-sage</ext-link>).</license-p>
</license>
</permissions>
<abstract>
<p>Political space in Burundi underwent a remarkable opening during the Burundian peace process and its immediate aftermath, which led to a rise in social science scholarship in Burundi. This space has increasingly narrowed, particularly since the crisis in 2015, presenting important challenges for social science scholars of Burundi. This changing political environment has consequences for the production of knowledge on Burundi. It is therefore timely to ask what purposes does research on Burundi serve. This article reflects upon different motivations and goals for social science research in Burundi and how these affect the types of research questions that are asked and the formats for knowledge dissemination. It argues that both the opening and closing of the Burundian political landscape bring into sharp relief the need for greater scholarly reflexivity. The article argues that in contexts of structural inequality and increased political control such as Burundi, we need to be particularly attentive to the need for scholarly responsibility and humility, as well as an awareness of the dynamics that have led to calls for the decolonisation of knowledge within the social sciences.</p>
</abstract>
<trans-abstract xml:lang="de">
<p>Der Friedensprozess in Burundi hat eine bemerkenswerte politische Öffnung bewirkt, die zu einem Anstieg sozialwissenschaftlicher Forschung über Burundi führte. Diese Spielräume nehmen jedoch vor allem seit der Krise 2015 wieder ab, was eine große Herausforderung für die sozialwissenschaftliche Forschung über Burundi darstellt. Die sich wandelnde politische Landschaft beeinflusst die Wissensproduktion über Burundi, sodass sich die Frage aufdrängt, welchem Zweck diese Forschung dient. Dieser Artikel reflektiert verschiedene Motivationen und Ziele sozialwissenschaftlicher Forschung über Burundi und zeigt auf, wie sie die Fragestellungen und Formen des Wissenstransfers beeinflussen. Es wird argumentiert, dass sowohl Zeiten politischer Öffnung als auch die Einschränkung politischer Freiheiten die Notwendigkeit stärkerer wissenschaftlicher Reflexivität deutlich machen. In Kontexten wie Burundi, die von strukturellen Ungleichheiten und zunehmender politischer Kontrolle geprägt sind, spielen wissenschaftliche Verantwortung, Bescheidenheit sowie das Bewusstsein für Dynamiken, die Forderungen nach eine Dekolonialisierung des Wissens in den Sozialwissenschaften befördert haben, eine besondere Rolle.</p>
</trans-abstract>
<kwd-group>
<kwd>Burundi</kwd>
<kwd>knowledge production</kwd>
<kwd>reflexivity</kwd>
<kwd>fieldwork</kwd>
<kwd>decolonisation</kwd>
</kwd-group>
<kwd-group xml:lang="de">
<kwd>Burundi</kwd>
<kwd>Wissensproduktion</kwd>
<kwd>Reflexivität</kwd>
<kwd>Feldforschung</kwd>
<kwd>Dekolonialisierung</kwd>
</kwd-group>
</article-meta>
</front>
  <back>
<ack>
<title>Acknowledgement</title>
<p>The author would like to thank the organisers and participants at the July 2018 University of Antwerp Conference on Governance, Peace and Development in Burundi for the discussions that inspired this article. The author is also enormously grateful for the constructive feedback and suggestions from the anonymous reviewers and the editor Julia Grauvogel, as well as Ntagahoraho Z. Burihabwa, Andrea Filipi, Maria Martin de Almagro, Aymar Bisoka Nyenyezi, and Katrin Wittig. Their immensely helpful comments and suggestions greatly strengthened the article, but also showed how much more there is to discuss.</p>
</ack>
<fn-group>
<fn fn-type="conflict" id="fn14-0002039719852229">
<label>Declaration of conflicting interests</label>
<p>The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.</p>
</fn>
<fn fn-type="financial-disclosure" id="fn15-0002039719852229">
<label>Funding</label>
<p>The author(s) received no financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.</p>
</fn>
</fn-group>

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